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COLTSFOOT - 款冬
Tussilago farfara

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Cough, whooping cough, asthma, bronchial catarrh, catarrh of the air ways ...

Description

Composition :
100% Tussilago farfara flos

Part used :
Leaves and blossoms

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), also known as Bull’s Foot, Coughwort, Farfara, Horse Foot, Foal’s Foot and Tash Plant, is the only plant of the variety Tussilago in the Daisy family (Asteraceae). A perennial, herbaceous that spreads by seeds and rhizomes (below-ground stem and root) native to Europe and Asia, is now also common in North and South America. It is typically 10 – 30 cm (4-12in) in height and has leaves which resemble a colt’s foot in cross section. The plant is often found in waste and disturbed places and along roadsides; in some areas, it is considered a invasive species.

Bio-active ingredients of Coltsfoot include bitterns, tannins, mucilage, essential oils, saponin and uronic and gallic acids. The plant is rich in minerals like calcium, phosphor, iron, potassium, natrium, magnesium, silicon and sulfur.

History: From the ancient Greek, who burned the leaves and inhaled the smoke to treat asthma, to Sebastian Kneipp (a german botanist, priest and the inventor of Kneipp therapy, a form of hydrotherapy), who treated cough, Coltsfoot was used as a medicinal remedy. At the turn of the century, dried Coltsfoot leaves were mixed with Mint (Mentha) and Woodruff (Galium odoratum) and used as pipe tobacco. Plinius and Hippocrates praised Coltsfoot for treatment of bronchitis and catarrh of the air ways. Coltsfoot was declared medicinal plant of 1994.

Note: At this time Coltsfoot is banned on the market, as undesirable side effects were discovered (the plant contains tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids). In Germany, pyrrolizidine free clones were developed which are available as a wine (Germany only).

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