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HAWTHORN - 山楂
Crataegus oxyacantha

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Cardiac disorders, cardiac arrhytmia, palpitation of the heart, arteriosclerosis, hyper-/hypotension (high/low blood pressure), circulatory collapse, angina pectoris, cardiac infarctus, fatty heart, vertigo, shortness of breath ...

Description

Composition :
100% Crataegus oxyacantha herba - 270mg

Part used :
Berries, leaves, flowers.

Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha), also known as Thornapple, May-Tree, Whitehorn or Hawberry, is a perennial shrub or tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae), native to temperate regions of the northern hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America, typically growing to 5 meters (16ft) tall, with small pome fruit and (usually) thorny branches.

This tree ages well and can get to 500 years old. The most common type of bark is smooth grey, developing shallow longitudinal fissures with narrow ridges in older trees. The thorns are small, sharp-tipped branches that arise either from other branches or from the trunk, and are typically 1 – 3 cm (0.4-1.2in). The leaves grow spirally arranged on long shoots, and in clusters on spur shoots on the branches or twigs. The leaves have lobed or serrate margins and are somewhat variable in shape. The fruit, sometimes known as a ‘haw’, is berry-like, but structurally a pome containing 1 to 5 pyrenes that resemble the ‘stones’ of plums or peaches.

Bio-active ingredients found in Hawthorn include tanning agents, flavonoids (vitexin, rutin, quercetin, hyperoside), oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs, such asepicatechin, procyanidin, and particularly procyanidin B-2), flavone-C, triterpene acids (such ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, crataegolic acid), and phenolic acids (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and related phenolcarboxylic acids).

Hawthorne is typically taken (over extended periods of time) as a preventive measure against the health disorders listed; it calms the heart, regulates blood pressure and maintains the elasticity of the blood vessels (vasodilatory properties). Some believe Hawthorne to be even more effective in this regard than Digitalis. Hawthorne is a ideal follow-up to heart surgery and cardiac infarctus.

History: Several species of Hawthorn have been used in traditional medicine and there is considerable interest in testing Hawthorn products for evidence-based medicine. The dried fruits of one Hawthore variety (Crataegus pinnatifida) are used in naturopathic medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), primarily as a digestive aid. A closely related species (Crataegus cuneata, or Japanese hawthorn, called sanzashi in Japanese) is used in a similar manner. Other species (especially Crataegus laevigata) are used in herbal medicine (phytotherapy) where the plant is believed to strengthen cardiovascular function (especially in combination with Borage / Borago officinalis).

Counter indications: Overdose may cause cardiac arrhythmia and dangerously lower blood pressure. Other side effects include nausea and sedation. Patients taking digitalis (Digoxin) should avoid taking Hawthorn. Do not use as a replacement for prescription drugs without consulting your physician or pharmacist.

Dosage

Take 3-6 capsules daily, with plenty of water.

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